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Chapter 20

The Unity and Trinity of God


Throughout this book God is mentioned many times, sometimes as father, others as Jesus Christ, the Son of the father, and other times as the Spirit of God, the Holy Spirit. This can be confusing at times, even for those who believe in God, let alone for you who are perhaps reading about these things for the first time.

So this Chapter is to provide a simplified explanation for you, because it is important to know the different roles that each represent. All that is said here is based on what the bible says. However, as I have said before, you will need to provide yourself with the opportunity to consider ideas that might be initially difficult to accept. Be patient and kind to yourself.

Evidence of Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Although these three aspects of God appear together in many parts of scripture, the best example of all three together is at the baptism of Jesus. The following words come from matthew, Chapter 3 verses 16 and 17.

" As soon as Jesus was baptised, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the spirit of God ( holy spirit ) descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, " this is my son, whom I love; with whom I am well pleased."

Notice that all three are present and mentioned at the same time. They are both separate- called a trinity which means three- yet all one- referred to as being a unity.

The unity of God.

One way of expressing this oneness is to say that the father remains unseen, but his reality is revealed by the son Jesus and further experienced by the Holy Spirit. Three different aspects of the same God.

In the natural world, water in its three forms of liquid, gas and solid provides a reasonable comparison. Water can be in liquid form, or be as solid as ice, or be a gas as steam. The same water, but in three forms, just as it is the same God in the three forms of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. But make no mistake, there is only one God, although he is in three forms.

The trinity of God.

All three aspects of God are necessary and distinct, but yet are one. However, it is clear from the Bible and of course from the experience of a Christian that they have separate functions. Let us look at all three.

God the father is like any earthly father in the sense that he is (or should be) the head of the family and responsible for the lives of all his children. God the Father is the head of the entire family of God, wherever they might live on this earth.

Like any good son, Jesus only did what his father told him to do. The main thing that Jesus did for the Father as far as we are concerned is that he came to earth to establish the kingdom of God on earth and to die on the cross to pay for our sins. He is the one who will come again, to take to be with him all the believers on earth who have committed their lives to him.

The Holy Spirit is God's unseen presence on this earth. He is present in the life of each true believer and is their teacher, protector, counsellor and comforter, among many other things. The true believer relies on the Holy Spirit to direct and control their lives here on earth. It is the Holy Spirit that convicts them of sin( so that they will repent ).

The interrelationship within the trinity.

There are three main things to note here. Firstly, the only way to come to know the father is by knowing Jesus. If you are as yet an unbeliever, then the way to know the Father is to come to Jesus. Jesus is the only way to the father. You can contribute to this process by your own efforts in reading the bible, seeking God in prayer and asking a believer in Christ to help you.

Secondly, it is the Father whose job it is to draw all people to himself, using his own spirit( the Holy Spirit ) to do this for him.

Thirdly, it is the job of the Holy Spirit to come and dwell in the new believer and carry out the tasks mentioned above.

The simple truth.

If you are an unbeliever, then don't be confused by anything that has been said. Just believe that there is one God, but recognise that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit have different jobs to do in your life, all of which are directed towards having you becoming and developing as a believer in Jesus Christ. It is a co-operative effort between yourself and all three. When you become a believer, the Spirit of God will teach you all things.

What this chapter has said.

  1. There is only one God, he being a unity that has three forms.
  2. God is known in three forms, Father, Son Jesus and Holy Spirit. This is known as a trinity. ( meaning three )
  3. Each part of the trinity has a particular range of functions.
  4. A new believer comes to know God the father through Jesus, but with the help of the Holy Spirit.